The Acropolis – Athens, Goddess Athena


Archaeologists tell us that the original city of Athens was situated on the Acropolis. Even in classical times, the Athenians still referred to this area as “the City.” The city of Athens and its patron goddess emerge into the light of history as inseparably coupled. In Mycenaean times each city was built around a central palace, and each palace was under the protection of its patron goddess. Athena was the goddess of the palace on the Acropolis. The names of the city and its goddess are essentially the same: Athena was Athens, and Athens was Athena. She was “The Athenian.” The ancient Athenians seem to have exhibited, during much of their history, precisely those virtues which they traditionally attributed to her. This may be because, when the Athenians imagined their goddess, they did so in their own image.

According to the myth, Zeus fell in love with a beautiful titaness, Metis (“Cunning Intelligence”). Although she repeatedly changed her shape to avoid his unwelcome attentions, as was his way, he persisted. In the end he caught up with her and raped her.

An oracle then announced that Metis would bear Zeus two children: first a daughter then, a son, and the son would be mightier than his father. Just as Zeus had once overthrown and dispossessed his own father, Chronos, so he was destined in his turn, to be overthrown by his own son. In a desperate attempt to avoid sharing his father’s fate, Zeus gave Metis a potion of drugged ambrosia, and then swallowed her whole.

Some time afterwards a terrible headache came upon him. In great pain, he sought the advice of Hermes, whose only suggestion was that Hephaestos, the smith of the gods, should open his head in order to allow the cause of his pain to escape. Zeus was so desperate that even this drastic remedy was preferable to doing nothing, and Hephaestos was duly summoned to cleave open Zeus’ head with his mighty axe. When he did so, to the astonishment of all the immortals, Athena sprang out with a great war-cry, fully-formed, wearing armour and bearing arms.

Zeus’ daughter not only became the patron of many arts at that time normally considered masculine preserves, such as ceramics, she was also credited with a distinctly unfeminine warlike nature. When the Olympian gods were faced with a titanic struggle against the giants, Athena played a major role in the war, defeating the giant Enkelados in single combat. She came to be depicted not merely as a virgin goddess, but, as an ancient Roman writer put it, as a virago: as a female capable of playing a leading role in a world dominated by men.

It came to be said that the reason for the birth of this goddess lay in a wager between Zeus and his consort, Hera, as to which of them could generate the better progeny entirely alone and unaided. By herself, Hera managed to produce only the crippled god, Hephaestos and a monster; while Zeus was able to bring forth, in Athena, one of the greatest of the Immortals.

This seems to have been a picturesque reference to a widespread belief, which was to appear later in the works of the philosopher Aristotle: that the father alone is responsible for generating his children, and for providing them with their inherited characteristics, and that their mother affords them nothing more than a temporary shelter and sustenance in her womb during her pregnancy.

This is a striking example of the strong climate of male chauvinism which dominated the early classical period in ancient Greece, which is very evident in myth and legend.


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If you intend on using online, only implement from the genuine business. The Internet is filled with web sites that utilize your individual information to locate that you simply loan company, which is often risky.

If you reside in a tiny group where payday financing has limitations, you may want to fall out of condition. If pay day loans are inaccessible where you live, it is possible to simply cross the edge for the fill personal loan inside your neighboring state. Due to the digital recuperation of money to be paid, you need to simply make one particular getaway.

If previously payday cash loans have caused issues for yourself, useful resources do exist. They will likely, for no fee, enable you to work out a decent interest rate and/or combine your personal loans.

The term of the majority of paydays personal loans is about 2 weeks, so ensure that you can comfortably repay the money in this length of time. Breakdown to pay back the money may result in expensive fees, and fees and penalties. If you think you will discover a probability that you won’t be capable of pay it rear, it is actually very best not to take out the pay day loan.

Whenever you get a payday loan, be sure to have your most-the latest pay stub to prove that you are utilized. You need to have your latest banking institution assertion to prove you have a current wide open banking account. Although it is not always required, it can make the process of obtaining a bank loan much simpler.

When trying to get a payday loan, you should in no way hesitate to ask inquiries. In case you are confused about some thing, especially, it really is your obligation to request clarification. This will help comprehend the stipulations of your personal loans so that you won’t have any undesired shocks.

In case you are looking for a payday loan on-line, make sure that you get in touch with and consult with a real estate agent before going into any information and facts in the internet site. Numerous crooks make-believe to get cash advance companies to acquire your hard earned dollars, so you want to ensure that you can get to a genuine individual.

Getting a faxless payday loan may seem like a simple, and great way to get some good cash in your pocket. You ought to steer clear of this particular personal loan. Most loan companies require you to fax paperwork. They now know you will be legitimate, plus it will save you them from responsibility. Anybody who will not would like you to fax anything can be a scammer.

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Make sure that you read through all the fine print, before applying for a payday loan. Many individuals get burned by pay day loan companies, since they failed to study all of the particulars before you sign. Unless you fully grasp all of the conditions, request a family member who recognizes the fabric that will help you.

If you make the choice a short-word loan, or a cash advance, suits you, use in the near future. Make absolutely certain you bear in mind every one of the recommendations on this page. These tips provide you with a solid foundation for creating certain you safeguard yourself, to enable you to get the personal loan and simply pay it back again.

Every thing Anybody Demands To Understand About Payday Cash Loans

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A great suggestion for any individual looking to get a payday advance would be to stay away from providing your information to loan company coordinating internet sites. Some cash advance websites complement you with lenders by sharing your data. This may be quite risky as well as steer to many spammy email messages and unwelcome telephone calls.

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In case the day time comes that you must pay off your pay day loan, and you do not have the money accessible, request an extension from the company. Many payday advance companies are likely to give you a 24 or 48-hr extension. You should be informed you will probably have to cover more if you achieve one of those extensions.

When you comprehend the very idea of using a pay day loan, it might be a handy device in certain situations. You need to be sure to browse the financial loan commitment extensively before you sign it, and if there are queries about some of the specifications ask for clarification from the terms before you sign it.

Question family and friends to help you with dollars before applying for any cash advance. Regardless of whether they actually do not supply you with the complete sum you want, you can get a payday loan for the reduced quantity. That will save you profit attention, so there is no need to cover the payday loan company back just as much.

Your credit score report is vital when it comes to online payday loans. You could continue to be able to get that loan, but it probably will set you back dearly with a heavens-high interest. In case you have good credit rating, paycheck loan providers will reward you with greater rates and particular settlement plans.

If you must have a payday advance, available a brand new checking account in a lender you don’t generally use. Check with your budget for short term inspections, and use this accounts to have your payday advance. Whenever your personal loan comes thanks, put in the amount, you need to be worthwhile the borrowed funds into your new banking accounts. This guards your regular cash flow in the event you can’t pay for the personal loan back again promptly.

Plenty of cash advance companies like to provide individuals often over they have got wanted to use. Usually do not fall for this trick, since this is done to get you to need to pay the organization more income at the conclusion. Only use the quantity you will need and nothing added.

Only take pay day loans as being a last option. These financial loans can placed debtors in severe fiscal issues. The lenders need consumers to sign really strict and atmosphere restricted commitments that supply not a way away from probably terrible conditions. Use your finest judgement and find other ways to pay for your debts apart from employing pay day loans.

If you are searching to get a pay day loan, you must understand that there are lots of misinformation and common myths linked to them. The misconceptions are that payday loans are just for low-income clients and myths that they are only to be used as being a last resort. Both of these are not correct. Anybody can get this sort of personal loan, and if they are handled effectively, these are extremely convenient.

Money could cause a great deal of pressure to the existence. A payday advance may seem like an excellent choice, and it also really might be. Prior to making that choice, allow you to comprehend the information shared on this page. A payday advance may help you or damage you, make sure you choose that is perfect for you.

The Ins And Outs Of Todays Online Payday Loans

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Payday loans really exist to help individuals out with things they failed to see emerging. For instance, Occasionally banking companies are sealed for getaways cars get smooth car tires, or you need to acquire an unexpected emergency escape to a hospital. Prior to deciding to set up feet in to a payday financial institution or go to their website, read on for many tips you can use to get the very best package.

If you want over a thousands of buck, you must find an additional remedy. You should certainly get yourself a payday loan from between five hundred money to some 1000. Consider creating a repayment schedule together with your creditors should you owe greater than a 1000 dollar, or in order to avoid pay day loans.

Finding a respected payday advance clients are important if, you locate that you should take out a pay day loan. Check their track record around the Far better Company Bureau web site, to ascertain if these are graded well. When signing up to an online organization, make certain they utilize secure encryption technologies to exchange your details.

In no way go to have a pay day loan unfilled-given. To obtain that loan, you need to deliver numerous products along. Included in this are as much as 3 the latest shell out stubs, suitable identification, and proof a bank account. The prerequisites change from enterprise to organization. It is a good idea to cell phone very first, and request what you will need to bring.

If you need a cash advance to get a bill that you may have not been able to pay as a result of deficiency of cash, talk to those you need to pay the cash initially. They may allow you to shell out delayed as an alternative to take out a high-attention payday advance. In many instances, they will enable you to make your monthly payments in the foreseeable future. When you are resorting to pay day loans to get by, you may get hidden in personal debt swiftly. Remember that you can reason with the lenders.

Any time you make application for a payday loan, be sure to have your most-current shell out stub to show that you are used. You should also have your newest bank declaration to demonstrate that you have a existing open checking account. Without generally required, it is going to make the entire process of receiving a loan much easier.

When you are serious about obtaining a pay day loan, you ought to spending budget your hard earned money for the following few weeks in order that you be able to pay the financial loan again by the expected particular date. Understand that the money is a short-run one, and you should pay it back in a short time.

The main principle about payday loans is usually to only use everything you know you may repay. For example, a pay day loan company may possibly provide you with a certain amount on account of your income is good, but maybe you have other agreements that prevent you from make payment on bank loan back. Generally, it is prudent to get the sum you can afford to repay as soon as your monthly bills are paid out.

There are many payday advance firms available, which is the reason it is very important shop around before you choose one. The right place to get started your investigation of the cash advance clients are the Better Business Bureau. Complaints reported on the Far better Company Bureau will likely be listed on the Bureau’s site.

Usually take out a pay day loan, in case you have no other possibilities. Pay day loan providers usually demand borrowers extortionate rates, and supervision charges. As a result, you need to check out other ways of getting fast funds before, resorting to a payday loan. You might, as an example, use some money from good friends, or family.

It is a good idea to buy all around prior to deciding on a paycheck financial institution. Diverse loan companies will offer diverse charges and charge diverse charges. Should you just go to the very first offer you obtain, you might turn out paying out far more. Looking around could help you save a great deal of money.

Before getting in, recognize that payday loans are certainly not a good usage of your hard earned money. For those who have almost every other (legitimate) choice rather than cash advance, take into account that option instead. Online payday loans consist of extremely higher costs, and interest levels that can do far more damage to your current individual finances than very good. Only use pay day loans as choice of last option.

As we discussed, payday cash loans are certainly not one thing to forget about. Share the data you learned with other individuals. They could also, understand what is associated with receiving a cash advance. Just be sure that as you may make your judgements, you respond to all you are confused about. Something this informative article ought to have aided one does.

Ancient History – Athens


Archaeologists have found evidence that Athens has been inhabited from at least the fifth millennium BC. The site would have been attractive to early settlers for a number of reasons: its location in the midst of productive agricultural terrain; its closeness to the coast and the natural safe harbour of Piraeus; the existence of defensible high ground, the Acropolis (from akron and polis, or ‘city on the high ground’); and the proximity of a natural source of water on the north-west side of the Acropolis.

Traces of Mycenaean fortifications from the thirteenth century AC can still be seen on the Acropolis, including some foundations belonging to what must have been a palatial structure. The fortifications, known as the ‘Pelasgian’ walls (after the indigenous people believed to have built them before the arrival of the Greeks around 2000 BC), remained in use until the Persian Wars of 490-480 BC. One stretch behind the temple of Athena Nike appears to have been deliberately preserved in the Classical period.

There was a decline of Mycenaean society across the Greek world around the end of the twelfth century BC. Whether this was directly connected with the Trojan War (around 1184 BC), or the so-called Dorian Invasion thought to have taken place soon after this conflict, Athens does not appear to have succumbed to an attack. The Mycenaean royal family of Pylos is said to have taken refuge in Athens after their city’s fall to the Dorians. One of its members, Codros, became king of his adoptive city.

The collapse of Mycenaean civilization left Greece in political, economic and social decline, accompanied by loss of artistic skills, literacy and trade networks. The Mycenaean form of writing, known as Linear B, was completely forgotten, and the Greek alphabet did not emerge until the late eighth century BC as the new form of writing. At this time city states began to emerge throughout the Greek world, governed by oligarchies, or aristocratic councils. Thirteen kings ruled in Athens after Codros, until in 753 BC they were replaced by officials with a ten-year term, known as decennial archons, and in 683 BC by annually appointed eponymous archons.

Conflict between the oligarchs and the lower classes, many of whom had been reduced to slavery, led to a series of reforms that paved the way for the emergence of the world’s first true democracy. Around 620 BC the lawmaker Dracon set up wooden tablets on the Acropolis known as axones. These were inscribed with civil laws and punishments so harsh that the death penalty was prescribed even for minor crimes, giving rise to the term `draconian’ which is still used today. Dracon’s intervention did little to ensure order, prompting representatives of the nobles and lower classes in 594 BC to appoint the statesman and poet Solon as archon.

Solon terminated aristocratic rule, setting up a representational government where participation was determined not by lineage or bloodline, but wealth. He eliminated slavery based on debt, and restituted freedom and land to those who had been enslaved. Solon created a `Council of Four Hundred’ from equal numbers of representatives of the Ionian tribes to which the Athenians claimed to belong, and instituted four classes of citizenry.

Peisistratos, Solon’s younger cousin, became tyrant (tyrannos) of Athens in 545 BC. He ensured the Solonian constitution was respected and governed benevolently. After Peisistratos’ death, however, things took a negative turn and anti-Peisistratid sentiment grew. By 510 BC King Cleomenes of Sparta was asked to assist in deposing Peisistratos’ son Hippias. Hippias sought refuge in Persia at the court of King Darius.

Soon after, the aristocrat Cleisthenes promised to institute further reforms giving a more direct role to citizens in government. His reforms were passed in 508 BC, and democracy was established in Athens. A new `Council of Five Hundred’ (the Boule) replaced the ‘Council of Four Hundred’, with equal representation from the various tribes. Cleisthenes is also credited with instituting the system of ostracism, which ‘voted’ an individual considered dangerous to democracy into exile for ten years.

It is uncertain when the former Mycenaean citadel was transformed into a sacred precinct but by the late eighth century BC a modest temple (or perhaps more than one) stood on the plateau. The oldest and holiest cult image on the Acropolis was the statue of Athena Polias (Protectress of the City), a crude olive-wood figure, so old that Athenians of the Classical period believed it had either fallen from heaven or been made by Cecrops or Erichthonios. This sacred image of Athena was ritually ‘dressed’ every year in a peplos, a sacred robe, as part of the Panathenaic festival.

A temple is thought to have been built around 700 BC to the south of the later, Classical Erechtheion, to house the statue of Athena Polias. The first major building of which there are significant remains on the Acropolis was the so-called ‘Bluebeard Temple’, built in the Archaic period around 560 BC. The ‘Bluebeard Temple’ is thought by some to have stood to the south of the later Erechtheion. Ancient texts mention a mysterious building or precinct contemporary to the ‘Bluebeard Temple’, called the Hecatompedon, or ‘Hundred-footer’. Whatever this structure or place was, it gave its name to the principal room of the Classical Parthenon, perhaps because the later building occupies the same site.

With the expulsion of Hippias a new temple was built on the Acropolis, its foundations still visible to the south of the later Erechtheion. This building, the Archaios Naos, or ‘ancient temple’, is likely to have been deliberately commissioned around 506 BC as a replacement for the ‘Bluebeard Temple’.

The first Persian invasion of 490 BC saw the victory of the Athenians at the battle of Marathon against the forces of King Darius of Persia. The following year the elated Athenians leveled an area on the south side of the Acropolis and began construction of the Old Parthenon. A new gateway to the Acropolis was also commenced, known as the Old Propylaia.

This post-Marathonian building program on the Acropolis came to a violent end in 480 BC when Xerxes, son of King Darius, led a second Persian invasion of Greece. Athens had to be evacuated and Xerxes razed the city and buildings on the Acropolis. Under the command of Themistocles, the Athenians destroyed the Persian fleet in the battle of Salamis. Victory over the Persians was ensured after the battle of Plataea (479 BC), to the northwest of Athens, when a combined Greek army annihilated the Persians.

In the aftermath of the battle of Plataea, a vow was made by the victors never to rebuild the shrines that were destroyed in the war, preserving them instead as memorials for later generations.

Pericles, who was a general and statesman, came to power in Athens around 461 BC. He considered the oath of Plataea to have been fulfilled, as thirty years had elapsed from the Persian invasion, and proceeded to reconstruct the temples on the Acropolis. He gathered together the best architects and artists in the city and plans were drawn up to erect new buildings that would outshine those torn down by the Persians. The Periclean building programme enhanced the lower city with new monuments, such as the Temple of Hephaestus, also known as the Theseion, and the Painted Stoa or Poikile situated near the Agora (marketplace).


A Realtor Can make All The Distinction in Residential home Purchasing

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Pay Day Loans – Ways To Avoid Mistakes

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Economic issues are something everyone has to manage. Most of the time these problems might need to be addressed using a payday loan. Payday cash loans supply speedy money loans with no credit examine essential. If you want to use a cash advance as a way to resolve your fiscal problems, read on. The next article gives you great assistance concerning how to get moving.

Before you apply for a payday loan have your paperwork in order this will help the financing business, they may need evidence of your earnings, to enable them to judge your capability to spend the borrowed funds again. Handle things like your W-2 form from job, alimony obligations or confirmation you are receiving Social Security. Get the best circumstance possible for on your own with suitable records.

Always realize that the cash that you obtain coming from a cash advance will probably be repaid straight from your salary. You should prepare for this. If you do not, once the finish of your pay out time comes about, you will recognize that there is no need sufficient money to pay your other charges.

Maintain your personalized security in mind if you must physically check out a paycheck lender. These locations of economic handle large sums of money and therefore are normally in financially impoverished areas of town. Attempt to only pay a visit to during daylight hrs and park in highly obvious spaces. Get in when other customers will also be close to.

Online payday loans are certainly one quick way to access cash. Just before included in a pay day loan, they need to find out about them. These loans have high interest rates, as well as the service fees included can make them be a challenge to repay.

Before taking out that pay day loan, be sure you have no other alternatives open to you. Pay day loans can cost you plenty in service fees, so almost every other substitute could be a much better option to your overall financial predicament. Check out your pals, household and also your lender and lending institution to see if there are any other potential options you may make.

Should you need a cash advance, but possess a poor credit record, you might want to look at a no-fax personal loan. This sort of financial loan is just like almost every other payday loan, although you will not be asked to fax in almost any paperwork for acceptance. Financing where by no documents are participating signifies no credit history examine, and much better chances that you are accredited.

Should you be in the military services, you might have some extra protections not provided to normal borrowers. Federal government law mandates that, the monthly interest for payday cash loans cannot exceed 36Per cent each year. This is certainly nonetheless rather large, nevertheless it does cover the costs. You can examine for other assistance first, though, in case you are in the military. There are numerous of military services aid societies ready to offer assistance to army workers.

In case you are trying to get a payday loan online, be sure that you phone and talk to a broker before going into any information and facts to the web site. Numerous crooks imagine being pay day loan organizations to get your cash, so you should ensure that you can get to an actual person.

Tend not to lay relating to your cash flow in order to be eligible for a pay day loan. This can be a bad idea mainly because they will provide you greater than you can perfectly manage to shell out them again. For that reason, you may wind up in a a whole lot worse financial situation than that you were presently in.

Be sure that you use a function record which will meet the requirements you for any cash advance prior to deciding to apply. Several pay day lenders requires a stable income source or a work historical past as a way to meet the requirements for a loan. You have to supply the lender with satisfactory evidence, like stubs from the paychecks.

Make every single attempt to repay your payday advance promptly. Should you can’t pay it off, the loaning organization may possibly force you to rollover the financing into a completely new one. This another one accrues its own set of charges and financing costs, so technically you are paying out these costs twice for the similar dollars! This is usually a severe deplete on your banking account, so plan to pay the personal loan off quickly.

Online payday loans can present you with cash to spend your debts nowadays. You just need to know what to expect throughout the whole approach, and with any luck , this article has offered you that information. Be certain to utilize the ideas here, since they will assist you to make much better judgements about pay day loans.

Athens – The Destination


Athens was named after Athena, the Greek goddess of wisdom, which is certainly fitting for the birthplace itself. Evidence of its ancient heyday is everywhere, in the remnants of monuments, statuary and sacred sites that are still revered as survivors of one of history’s most important eras.

A Poseidon adventure in art

In Greek mythology, Poseidon is the god of sea, so it is only fitting that the astoundingly wrought bronze statue of him was raised from the bottom of the Aegean Sea, where it lay for centuries after a shipwreck off the Cape of Artemision. The two-meter tall figure stands with arms extended and leaning forward on its left leg. The right hand once held a trident, and the unknown sculptor clearly was a master in accurately duplicating the complicated balancing act that goes into the seemingly simple motion of throwing a spear.

This work of art is one of the many stunning bronzes at the National Archeological Museum in Athens. The museum’s collection – which includes pieces that date all the way back to the prehistoric period – offers the best collection of Greek art in the world. Renovations closed the museum for a year and half, but it was reopened just in time for the 2004 Olympic Games.

At 260 feet above the city, the Acropolis (“high city”) is not only the highest point in Athens, but for many people it is the high point of any visit to Greece. It is the oldest known settlement in Greece and was a sacred site for ancient Athenians.

During the period of 448 to 420 B.C., the distinguished Athenian statesman Pericles commissioned the construction of four new monuments on the Acropolis at the site of former ruins. The Athenian sculptor Phidias presided over the construction and interior design. The Ionic Erechtheum includes the Porch of Caryatids, with its column in the shape of monumental female figures that identify remains a mystery. The Ionic Temples of Athena Nike, dedicated to the cult of Athena as the goddess of victory, was built during the Peloponnesian War, its frieze depicts the Greek victory over the Persians in the battle of Plataea. The Propylaea, the gateway to the Acropolis with rows of both Doric and Ionic columns, replaced an earlier version destroyed by the Persians. And of course, the Acropolis remains home to what’s left of the Parthenon.

The Parthenon, designed by architects Iktinos and Kallikrates, took 15 years to complete. It was the closest to Pericles’ heart: Among various friezes depicting life among gods, the large statue of Athena represented his homage to the goddess and to the greatness of Athens.

Even in A.D. 131, savvy developers like the Roman Emperor Hadrian recognized the importance of signage. “This is the city of Hadrian and not of Theseus,” reads the inscription on Hadrian’s arch, situated at the foot of the Acropolis and once the marker between Hadrianopolis and the Athens city limits. The side facing the Acropolis and ancient Athens reads, ” This is Athens, the city of Theseus.”

Like all the surrounding monuments and the Athens infrastructure itself, Hadrian’s Arch has undergone a major facelift. The 60-foot high archway, constructed of Pentelic marble, upheld by columns with Corthinian capitals and topped by a series of Corinthians columns, lost a bit of structural stability in the mid-18th century, when 8 of its columns were removed.

Restorers shored up the arch, cleaned away centuries of pollution and repaired its cracks, just in time for the 2004 Olympic Games.

The Evzones

The Evzones were once the elite soldiers of the Greek army. Today they are the presidential guards, a ceremonial unit that maintains watch over The Parliament, The Presidential Mansion and The Tomb of the Unknown Soldier. The soldiers wear a traditional and highly photogenic uniform comprising a scarlet cap with a long black tassel, a cotton tunic, black knee tassels above white stockings, red clogs with black pompons and a woolen kilt called a fustanella. The fustanella has 400 pleats, one for each year that the Greeks were on the occupation of the Ottoman Empire. Bearing leather cartridge belts and rifles with a bayonet, the soldiers maintain strict physical discipline as they stand at attention and resist tourists’ attempts to distract them.

A changing of guard is performed daily before the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, but on Sundays, the complete ceremony – involving an army band and dozens of soldiers – is conducted.

Alice in Wonderland

Imagine Alice in Wonderland’s tumble into a magical world, and you will have an idea what this-off-beaten-path attraction in the Village of Paiania is like. Far larger than a rabbit hole, Koutouki Cave is a natural wonder that will awe you with its colors and formations. In 1926, a goat disappeared from its herd where it was grazing on the slope of Mount Ymittos. A search turned up a small crevice, and a brave soul descended by rope into the abyss below. The goat had not survived the fall, but its intended rescuer returned with a story of a beautiful underground chamber.

The vertical cave consists of a 38.5 meter shaft that opens onto a large cavern with a diameter of about 60 meters. Guided tours take visitors in through a man-made entrance and lead them on a path through stalactites and stalagmites formed by mineral deposits from water seeping through the limestone of the mountain. The tour ends with a light show accompanied by classical music. It’s just a short taxi ride from Athens to nearby Paiania.


Seeing the Sights of Athens Through Taxi Tours


There is no denying how Athens is one of the most important sites in the world for political, economic and aesthetic advancement and enhancement. For many people, it IS the most significant place in the world, period. And this birthplace of western philosophy seems to have fanned its mysticism throughout the ages. Today, Athens is still one of the most visited sites in the world. Many people want to retrace the footsteps of famous philosophers, writers and artists. Not to mention that Athens has a rugged beauty that merits separate praise.

This busy city is made up of twelve hills, seven of which play a historical role in Athens’ rise. Acropolis and Lycavittos are the two most prominent as it is where most of the important historical landmarks such as the Parthenon, Temple of Athena, Theatre of Dionysius and Temple of Olympian Zeus is found. Being made up of seven hills though, Athens is a difficult place to tour if you’re planning to do it via foot. Unless you plan to isolate yourself to a particular section throughout your trip, let’s say in Acropolis, for example, then conquering it via foot would be fine. But if you want an overall tour of the area, trekking it just won’t do especially when there’s a time element involved. You can rely on their Metro train system which is quite effective and cheap to boot. One can take you to the city center for €6. For those traveling in groups, there are packages for three or more which can be purchased in the different stations. Buses and a suburban railway system will also do.

However if comfort and convenience is a priority, then taking an Athens taxi is the best mode of transportation whilst in the area. You can get one in advance prior to arriving so an itinerary can be planned for you. Getting a package in advance will also garner you discounts. Should you decide to get one from the airport though, you will be paying €30-35 for the single ride and you can negotiate for a taxi tour from there. Taxi tours in Athens is one of the easiest ways to go around in the area. Overall price will depend on what you and your driver will agree to. Be careful when flagging taxis. Some of them may take advantage that you’re a tourist and will not flag down their meters in hopes for getting a bulk price. There are also tariffs involved. Make sure that the Tariff is Tariff 1. Tariff 2 doubles the rate and is applicable after midnight. Make sure to read the driver well. If you think the rate is abnormally high, then check with an English-speaking local to confirm the price.

Make sure also that you’re getting taxis from a reliable company. Although canary yellow taxis are very common in Athens, you will have no hold if the driver tries to fraud you whereas a taxi that hails under a company will be more careful. As common practice, taxis follow two rates, one that applies inside the city limits including the airport and one that applies outside of it. The minimum fare of Rate 1 is €1 while the minimum fare of Rate 2 is €2.65. If you’re from the airport, the fare will start at €3.20 and if there’s heavy luggage involved then a minimum rate will be added to that too.

Taxi tours can be quite tricky but many attest that it’s all worth it considering you get to see the sights of Athens at your own time and pace.


Holiday & Travel Guide For Athens, Greece



The incredible city of Athens, home to the ancient Gods and what a city to explore. The history and myths of this land are truly amazing, but be warned, the heat can sour to well into the 30’s during the hottest months of June to August so make sure you carry plenty of water and cover yourself from the scorching heat whilst touring the magnificent ancient ruins of Athens.

Let’s start with the Acropolis site, as this is what most tourists visit Athens for. These magnificent buildings are said to date back to the 4th century BC. The Parthenon building was originally constructed as a Temple, it has since then been a church and then a mosque. This building is easy recognised by anyone around the world, its vast size is jaw dropping and no amount of pictures that you have seen will prepare you for the true enormity of this site. Also, there are the ruins of a great theatre, that had once been used in the Roman times for gladiator fighting, nowadays the theatre is still used but for the more gentile performances of Ballet and other concerts. After you have spent most of the day exploring the wonders of this ancient site and listening to the myths that surround it from the guides, you will probably need a good rest before you prepare yourself for more wonders, along with the many museums full of ancient relics. Children as well as adults will love the Children’s Museum and for those that love music, there is also a Music Museum, then a Greek Folk museum. Actually, there are quite a few museums and all of them are worth of a visit along with the art galleries. You can’t miss the day tour to Delphi, to marvel at the ancient sanctuary of Apollo or the magnificent monuments and bronzes in the museum. For those who want another cultural trip, visit Cape Sounion where the 5th century temple of Poseidon stands, then the famous theatre of Epidaurus in Argolis. There is so much to see you may be better off hiring a car so you can do the tours at your own leisure and cut down excursion costs.

Shopping and eating

You will have a great time shopping in Athens modern town, with a multitude of shops to choose from, but the best place to visit has to be the old town “La Plaka” with its narrow pedestrian streets and quaint shops. You can spend hours searching for your ideal gift or souvenir in any one of the shops, as they are crammed full of delightful items, like jewellery, paintings and copies of ancient relics and buildings. There is something for everyone; you won’t leave the old town without purchasing something. If your feet are tired then there are plenty of cafes for you rest up in and have a well earned drink, and more than enough restaurants in the old town that serve a variety of meals from moussaka and stuffed tomatoes to filled baguettes, snacks and delicious pastries. For those looking for more international foods then the modern city centre would be the place to find it, as well as most of the glitzy nightlife of the city.

Happy Holidays